TREATMENT OF OCULAR DISEASES

Treatment of Ocular DiseasesAssessments of ocular and systemic health are important aspects of a vision exam. We integrate these evaluations into a comprehensive vision examination. This requires that we have an extensive knowledge of ocular diseases in addition to an understanding of how systemic disease can affect the eyes.

In our office we routinely treat:

  • Glaucoma
  • Dry eye
  • Allergies
  • Conjunctivitis (pink eye)
  • Contact lens complications
  • Foreign body removal from your eyes
  • Corneal scratches
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Diabetic Eye Diseases
  • Ocular Trauma / Eye Injuries

If you experience eye pain, changes in vision, redness or irritation that lasts overnight, or if you get a foreign object in your eye, please give us a call. Self-treatment usually results in delaying proper treatment. We are happy to see you the day you call to make you comfortable as quickly as possible.

We treat and manage eye and vision conditions that can be sight threatening, lead to eye discomfort, and may signal systemic health problems. Drs. Hanson and Kempfer use advanced instrumentation to manage eye conditions such as: glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, dry eye syndrome, eye infections and eye inflammation. Our clinic utilizes state of the art technology needed for the diagnosis and management of many ocular diseases. We have an OCT, a GDx, a visual field unit, and corneal topography instruments. All instruments are on site and readily available! This is a unique aspect to our office and we continually strive to keep our technology up to date and often a step ahead.


Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (SD-OCT)

Treatment of Ocular DiseasesOptical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a non-contact medical imaging technology similar to ultrasound and MRI. With OCT, reflected light is used to produce detailed cross-sectional and 3D images of the eye.

The SPECTRALIS® SD-OCT simultaneously measures multiple wavelengths of reflected light across a spectrum, hence the name spectral domain. The SPECTRALIS system acquires 40,000 A-scans per second. The increased speed and number of scans translates into higher resolution and a better chance of observing disease.

We use this technology to help diagnosis glaucoma, monitor macular degeneration, and monitor diabetic retinopathy. The OCT aides with monitoring any vitreo-retinal disorder.


Below are some of the most common eye conditions:

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Nearsighted individuals typically have problems seeing well at a distance and are forced to wear glasses or contact lenses. The nearsighted eye is usually longer than a normal eye, and its cornea may also be steeper. Therefore, when light passes through the cornea and lens, it is focused in front of the retina. This will make distant images appear blurred. There are several refractive surgery solutions available to correct nearly all levels of nearsightedness.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsighted individuals typically develop problems reading up close before the age of 40. The farsighted eye is usually slightly shorter than a normal eye and may have a flatter cornea. Thus, the light of distant objects focuses behind the retina unless the natural lens can compensate fully. Near objects require even greater focusing power to be seen clearly and therefore, blur more easily.

LASIK, Refractive Lens Exchange and Contact lenses are a few of the options available to correct farsightedness.

Astigmatism

Asymmetric steepening of the cornea or natural lens causes light to be focused unevenly, which is the main optical problem in astigmatism. To individuals with uncorrected astigmatism, images may look blurry or shadowed. Astigmatism can accompany any form of refractive error and is very common.

Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, corneal relaxing incisions, laser vision correction, and special implant lenses.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a condition that typically becomes noticeable for most people around age 45. In children and young adults, the lens inside the eye can easily focus on distant and near objects. With age, the lens loses its ability to focus adequately.

Although presbyopia is not completely understood, it is thought that the lens and its supporting structures lose the ability to make the lens longer during close vision effort. To compensate, affected individuals usually find that holding reading material further away makes the image clearer. Ultimately, aids such as reading glasses are typically needed by the mid-forties.

Besides glasses, presbyopia can be dealt with in a number of ways. Options include: monovision and multifocal contact lenses, monovision laser vision correction, and new presbyopia correcting implant lenses.

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